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1- Crime mapping has been used in the past for managing and containing crimes in certain geographical areas. It has been a great tool due to “spatial” and “temporal data” that has provided investigators in the effort to understand certain crime patterns in trouble areas. There are many ways to examine crime, however, there are ways crime mapping may help with sociodemographic and temporal figures.Understanding crime patterns could subsequently bring better resources to fight hotspots and introduce crime reduction programs to the targeted neighborhoods. This approach has brought enhanced practices with technologies to fight the recent trends of crime in areas affected by drugs and crimes (Clavell, 2018).Galdon Clavell, G. (2018). Exploring the ethical, organizational and technological challenges of crime mapping: a critical approach to urban safety technologies. Ethics & Information Technology, 20(4), 265–277. https://doi-org.lopes.idm.oclc.org/10.1007/s10676-…2-Crime mapping does an exemplary job of explaining why crime trends align across geographical locations. Studying how crime is distributed over time and across cities and counties gives law enforcement entities more data to analyze (Shafique, Zahra, Farid, Sharif, 2017). Through the use of Geographic Information Software, crime hot spots can be developed to assist law enforcement systems in developing criminal activity epicenters (Shafique, Zahra, Farid, Sharif, 2017). These hot spots indicate where police departments should allocate their resources in order to crack down on particular crime outbreaks (Shafique, Zahra, Farid, Sharif, 2017). GIS can assist in investigating why certain crime trends occur which could lead to potential solutions. On top of that, once hot spots are created, crime can easily be predicted through GIS systems (Shafique, Zahra, Farid, Sharif, 2017).Reference:Shafique, I., Zahra, S., Farid, T., & Sharif, M. (2017). Role of GIS in Crime Mapping & Analysis. Sukkur IBA Journal Of Computing And Mathematical Sciences, 1(2), 39-47. doi:10.30537/sjcms.v1i2.303-Rational Choice theory argues that an offender “considers risks, efforts, and rewards when contemplating criminal acts”( Bachman and Schutt, 2020), thus making a criminal act a conscious decision. An offender commits crime on their own volition and their behaviors allow for crime to be analyzed in a number of ways. The potential risk can highly impact a variety of factors in a crime such as time, weapons used (if any), preventions taken, etc. Measuring effort that it takes to commit crime allows for a decision as to what actions to take in order to achieve the desired reward.Bachman, R. D., & Schutt,R. K. (2020). The practice of research in criminal justice (7th ed.). Los Angeles, CA: Sage. ISBN-13: 9781544339122. Retrieved from https://www.gcumedia.com/digital-resources/sage/20…USE APA STYLE, CITE AND REFERENCE YOUR RESPONSES. 150+ WORDS EACH

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