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Please respond to these two students post. for each student post responds at least 150 words. Thank you. Book chapter PDF uploaded with reference: Smith, M. & Parker, M. (2014). Nursing Theories and Nursing Practice. (4th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: F. A. Davis Company.
1. Dr. Marth Rodger’s theory of unitary beings focuses on nursing as both a science and an art. This theory suggests that humans and environments are patterned and that the pattern is a continuous process of change like energy fields. Persons participate in their well-being, which is personally defined. Dr. Rosemarie Rizzo Parse’s human becoming theory focuses on nursing as basic science and suggests that life experiences shape the quality of a persons’ life. Every human is an expert in their own health and life, through the choices they make. (Smith & Parker, 2014).
Rodger’s theory views humans and their environments as energy fields that are always dynamic, humans and their environments are indivisible wholes while Parse’s theory views humans and their environments as one and mutually progressing together in rhythmical patterns. Rodger reflects on specific patterns of humans and the environment to the energy fields that determine the optimum well-being, while Parse reflects on the interconnected life of a person from biological, sociological, psychological to spirituality that determines an individual’s wellbeing. Rodger claims that to understand human nature you examine all dimensions rather than individual dimensions, while Parse says to understand human nature examine individuals and their environments based on their meanings. (Younas, 2021).
Both theories acknowledge the interactions of humans and their environment. The nurses are able to influence their environment and vice versa, in one way or another. Both theories show the end goal of a nurse is to enhance the quality of life, by interacting with their environment, whether individually or collectively. According to Masters (2015), the main concepts of the nursing profession are person, environment, health, and nursing, which together form the nursing metaparadigm.
Parse’s theory is more preferable to Rodger’s theory because in basic terms every individual is a product of the environment. After all, humans and the environment correlate. The theory is not only applicable to nurse life, but also to the society in general since every individual has a biological, psychological, sociological, and spiritual life which is a necessity for making decisions and influencing decisions. Life experiences are an important part of the quality of life we live and who we are becoming. References
Masters, K. (2015). Nursing theories: a framework for professional practice. (2nd ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Smith, M. & Parker, M. (2014). Nursing theories and nursing practice. (4th ed.). F. A. Davis Company.
2. Dr. Martha Rogers is well known for the creation of the theory Science of unitary Beings, and Dr. Rosemarie Rizzo is well known for the creation of the theory known as Human Becoming Theory. Both theories are very interesting and are both well known in the nursing profession as they help guide nurses every day in their nursing care and practice. Dr. Roger’s theory of Science of Unitary Human Beings mostly views the nursing profession as both an art and a science as well as assessing the patient as being one with the environment they are in. Dr. Rizzo’s theory of Human becoming Theory focuses more on nurses assessing each patient as an individual who needs nursing care bases on the patient’s perspective and needs. Basically, stating that each patient is different and not all the patients with the same condition will react the similarly to the same treatment (Sherwood, G., Barnsteiner, J., (2014).
Similarities between Dr. Rizzo and Dr. Rogers theories are that they both theories use the patient as the main source of the problem in order to treat the condition at hand even though they use different strategies in treating the patient. Both theories are different in that they both use different guides and research in sciences in order to care for the patient as Dr. Rizzo theory suggest that the patient be treated depending on the patient’s perspective of health. On the other hand, Dr. Rogers theory suggests that nurses we the patient and environment as one to care for the patient.
If I had I had to choose a theory to stick to I would choose Dr. Rogers theory of patients being one with the environment as I believe that the environment is a huge factor when it comes to nursing care and patient well-being.
Sherwood, G., Barnsteiner, J., (2014). Quality and Safety in Nursing: A Competency Approach to Improving Outcomes, 1st Edition. [Bookshelf Online]. Retrieved from


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